The History of AI: A Timeline of Milestones

November 18, 2023 - By wom


The history of artificial intelligence (AI) is a long and winding one, with many notable milestones along the way. Here is a brief overview of the key events in AI history, with dates and a few lines about the father of AI, John McCarthy:

  • 1943: Warren McCulloch and Walter Pitts publish their paper, “A Logical Calculus of Ideas Immanent in Nervous Activity,” which lays the foundation for neural networks, a type of AI that is inspired by the structure and function of the human brain.

    Warren McCulloch and Walter Pitts
  • 1950: Alan Turing publishes his paper, “Computing Machinery and Intelligence,” in which he proposes the Turing test, a test of a machine’s ability to exhibit intelligent behavior equivalent to, or indistinguishable from, that of a human.

    Alan Turing
  • 1956: The Dartmouth Summer Research Project on Artificial Intelligence, also known as the Dartmouth Conference, is held. This conference is considered to be the official birth of the field of AI.

    Dartmouth Summer Research Project on Artificial Intelligence
  • 1958: John McCarthy coins the term “artificial intelligence” in his proposal for the Dartmouth Conference. McCarthy is widely considered to be the father of AI.

    John McCarthy
  • 1961: The first industrial robot, Unimate, is installed at General Motors.

    Unimate robot
  • 1964: The first chatbot, ELIZA, is developed by Joseph Weizenbaum. ELIZA is able to simulate human conversation by using pattern recognition and keyword matching.

    ELIZA chatbot
  • 1969: Shakey, the first mobile robot capable of planning and executing actions, is developed at SRI International.

    Shakey robot
  • 1979: The first expert system, R1, is developed at Carnegie Mellon University. R1 is able to diagnose problems in a computer system.

    R1 expert system
  • 1982: The first commercial AI product, Lisp Machine, is introduced by Symbolics.

    Lisp Machine
  • 1997: Deep Blue, an IBM chess-playing computer, defeats Garry Kasparov, the world chess champion.

    Deep Blue chess computer
  • 2011: IBM’s Watson wins the game show Jeopardy!, defeating two human champions.

    IBM Watson
  • 2012: Google launches a self-driving car project.

    Google selfdriving car
  • 2015: AlphaGo, a deep learning program developed by DeepMind, defeats Go world champion Lee Sedol.

  • 2016: ChatGPT, a large language model developed by OpenAI, is released. ChatGPT is able to generate text, translate languages, write different kinds of creative content, and answer your questions in an informative way.

  • 2022: Google AI’s LaMDA surpasses human performance on a benchmark test of language understanding.


These are just a few of the many milestones in the history of AI. AI is a rapidly evolving field, and it is impossible to say what the future holds. However, it is clear that AI is going to play an increasingly important role in our lives.

As for John McCarthy, he is widely considered to be the father of AI. He made many significant contributions to the field, including coining the term “artificial intelligence” and developing the Lisp programming language, which was widely used in early AI research. McCarthy was a true pioneer in the field of AI, and his work has had a lasting impact on the world.

The evolution of ChatGPT and Google Bard represents a significant leap forward in the field of artificial intelligence (AI). These two large language models (LLMs) have not only captured the attention of the public but have also demonstrated remarkable capabilities in natural language processing.

ChatGPT, developed by OpenAI, was released in November 2022 and quickly gained popularity for its ability to generate human-quality text, translate languages, and answer questions in an informative way. It impressed users with its ability to engage in open-ended, meaningful conversations, often surprising them with its wit and creativity.

Google Bard, Google’s response to ChatGPT, emerged in March 2023. Built on Google AI’s LaMDA language model, Bard showcased enhanced capabilities, including accessing and processing information from the real world through Google Search. This integration allowed Bard to provide more comprehensive and up-to-date responses, surpassing the limitations of ChatGPT’s reliance on pre-trained data.

The rivalry between ChatGPT and Google Bard has fueled innovation in the field of AI, pushing both models to improve their performance and expand their capabilities. For instance, ChatGPT introduced ChatGPT Plus, a paid subscription service that offers faster response times and access to exclusive features. Google Bard, on the other hand, has continued to refine its language processing abilities, aiming to provide increasingly natural and informative interactions.

Source:- Wiki and google. Rajesh Nigam | Image – Snehal Todkar.